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Đề tài: Xin mọi người dịch dùm đoạn văn.

  1. #1
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    08 2018
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    Mặc định Xin mọi người dịch dùm đoạn văn.

    Nhờ vả dịch tiếng Anh để lại comment,
    "Here is a sample:"
    Just as with foreign keys unique constraints are not always created in the database.
    "Đây là một mẫu:"
    Chỉ như với nước ngoài khóa duy nhất ràng buộc không luôn luôn được tạo trong cơ sở dữ liệu
    Đã được chỉnh sửa lần cuối bởi emyeuvn : 04-02-2019 lúc 02:39 PM. Lý do: Lỗi font

  2. #2
    Ngày gia nhập
    08 2018
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   109 ??   6. The “uh” sound as in “hunt”/ “shunt” The spelling is usually with ie. ancient conscience patient proficient patience “ i before e , except after c but not when c is a sh sound ”
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   110 ??   7. The “oo” or “yew” sound The “oo” or “yew” sound is usually with ie in lieu view review
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   111 ??   8. Separate sounds In the previous 7 sounds they are single sounds. Let’s look at the ie / ei pattern in words where the i and e are separate sounds: variety reinforce gaiety reiterate spontaneity premier copier quiet crier fiery science glacier conscientious
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   112 ??   i before e except after a long C but not after a C that sounds like “sh” ??   i before e except after a long C or when sounded like “a” in neighbour (neighbor – American) and weigh
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   113 ??   Exercise 1 Which one is correct? a. recieve b. receive a. ancient b. anceint a. friend b. freind a. hieght b. height a. reciept b.receipt a. patient b. pateint a. peice b. piece a. believe b. beleive a. relief b. releif a. conceieve b. conceive
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   114 ??   Exercise 1 Answers Which one is correct? a. recieve b. receive a. ancient b. anceint a. friend b. freind a. hieght b. height a. reciept b.receipt a. patient b. pateint a. peice b. piece a. believe b. beleive a. relief b. releif a. conceieve b. conceive
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   115 ??   Exercis e 2 Fill in with either - ie - or - ei - 1. ach__ve 2. bel__ve 3. ch__f 4. pat__nce 5. for__gn 6. __ther 7. w__gh 8. __ght 9. rec__ve 10. conc__t 11. qu__t 12. n__ghbour (or n__ghbor American)
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   116 ??   Exercise 2 Answers Fill in either - ie - or - ei - 1. achieve 2. believe 3. chief 4. patience 5. forei gn 6. either 7. weigh 8. eight 9. receive 10. conceit 11. quiet 12. neighbour (or neighbor American)
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   117 ??   ??   Silent Letter Rules ??   k now, dau gh ter, autum n, plum b er, mat e, fas t en, We d nesday, cou l d, pa l m, dou b t, recei p t… ??   Silent letters are the letters in words that are not pronoun ced but make a huge difference to the meaning and sometimes the pronunciation of the word. More than 60% of English words have silent letters in them , which can cause all sorts of problems spelling the word or looking for the word in a dictionary , readin g the word and spelling it . Silent letters aren't there to mess with your brain or make spelling and reading hard - honest. They're there for various reasons . They perform a lot of functions so understanding these reasons will definitely help your spelli ng , reading, pronunciation and confidence. Let's go over some reasons why we have silent letters because it's always great to know why spelling is the way it is. 1. Most silent letters used to be pronounced but are left in the words to show the histor y of the word. 2. Some academics over the centuries chose to put silent letters in words to make the word more like their classical Latin and Greek roots : debt, doubt , receipt
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   118 ??   S ilent letters are very useful: 1. A silent letter can help us work out t he meaning of the word and it also can change the pronunciation even though it's silent - sin/si g n, rat/rat e , S ometimes a le tter can be silent in one word but not in others. These letters help to connect different forms of the same word e.g. resign/res ignation sign/signal 2. They help the reader to distinguish between homophones (homophones have the same sound but different meaning and different spelling and there are loads of these words in English) in/in n , be/be e , to/too/t w o, k now/no, w hole/hole, k not/not, lent/le a nt , whole / hole , plum / plumb , hour / our , etc 3. We saw in the Magic 'e' Silent 'e' lesson that if you add a silent 'e' at the end of short vowel sound words it usually makes the word into a long vowel sound - rid/ride, cop/cope, hat /hate, tap/tape, at/ate, mat/mate … 4 And some words with silent letters in them are l oanwords from other languages. S ilent 'h' in khaki, silent 's' in fracas , silent g in champagne, 5. Silent letters help to show 'hard' consonants e.g. the silent ‘ u’ in guest/gest 6. Silent letters in words like: knock, plumber, island, gnat, daughter, night, doubt, receipt show the history and origins of the word. Plumber is a Roman/Latin word from the Roman for lead pipe - plum bum. Knife, knock, know, gnat, gnaw are all Viking words which used to be pronounced but not now but we leave the letters in there to se e the origin and history of the word.
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   119 ??   The difficult - gh letter patterns: – ight, - gh - , - gh, - ough , all come from Anglo - Saxon words (in brackets): dau ghter ( dohtor ), night ( niht ), light ( liht ), bright ( beorht ), dough ( d ā g ) , bough ( b ō h ). • The ‘h’ was a hard throaty sound like the Scottish sound in loch . • Then around the 13 th century the ‘h’ became ‘gh’ because of the French influence to try to indic ate this throaty sound. • Then in about the 17 th century the ‘gh’ sound was either dropped or became ‘f’ sound: enough, cough, though, through, plough, rough, borough, slaughter, laugh... - ough has seven sounds: Have you thought this through thoroughly eno ugh? oo - /too/ through off - /coff/ cough, trough uff - /cuff/ enough, rough, tough oh - /toe/ dough, though, although ow - /how/ bough, doughty u - /uh, up/ borough, thorough or - /or/ bought, brought, fought, ought, sought, wrought, thought - augh normally sounds like /or/ - door/nor daughter , naughty, slaughter, taught, haughty but laugh is pronounced with a long or short ‘a’ “ laff ” or “ larff ” - eigh normally sounds like /ay/ - say, day eight, neighbour, weigh, weight, sleigh but heigh t rhymes with bite !! - igh sounds like i in tie high, sigh, thigh, light, delight, sight, might, night, right, tight, flight
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   120 ??   Patterns & Rules ' kn - ' silent k before n - kn ee, know, knife, knives, knob, knot, knuckle, knock, knack, knave, knead, kneel, knew, knickerbocker, knight knit… (the k was pronounced but in the 17th century began to drop out of fashion. ‘ gn - ‘ silent g before n - gn at, gnaw, gnash, gnarl, gnome... ‘ - gn’ align, assign, benign, design, ensign, malign, reign, sign, campaign, poigna nt, champagne, cologne, foreign, sovereign, ' wr - ' silent w before r - wr ite, wrist, wrinkle, wring, wriggle, wrong, wrote, wrap , wrangle, wrath, wreck, wreath, wrench, wrestle - silent w, t, e, wretched, wry ... ' ps - ' silent p before s - ps ychic, psalm, psychology, psychiatry... These words have Greek origins ' - lk ' silent l before k - fo lk , walk, talk, yolk.. 'm b ' silent b after m - plu mb er, numb, dumb, bomb, comb, climb, thumb, limb, crumb, numb, lamb, succumb, tomb, womb ... 'm n ' silent n after m - autu mn , column, solemn, condemn, hymn... ' - lm - ‘ silent l before m - palm, calm, psalm( silent p and l), qualm, alms, almond (sometimes pe ople say al mond), balm, salmon… ' - s t - ' silent t after s - li st en, fasten, glisten, mois ten, hasten, chas ten, christen… ‘ - stle’ - bristle, bustle, castle, gristle, hustle, jostle, mistletoes, nestle, rustle, thistle, trestle, whistle, wrestle (silent w and t) .
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   121 ??   S ometimes people might pronounce certain letters or they might not depending on their accent, for example the t in 'of t en' can be pronounced or not. H is silent in a lot of accents. For me h is a difficult letter to pronounce because I grew up dropping the h and my muscle memory doesn't like it at all! But the H is silent in some words from Fre nch - hour, honest, honour (honor American) , heir, herb (in American English)
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   122 ??   A list of silent letters in some common words , surnames, names and places : A - artistic a lly, dramatic a lly, logic a lly, music al ly, romantic a lly B - clim b , com b , crum b , thumb, n umb , su b tle, de b t, dou b t C - a c quire, a c quit, c zar, mus c le, s c issors, Conne c ticut, Tu c son D - gran d son, We d nesday han d some, han d kerchief, lan d scape, san d wich (some people pronounce the 'd') E - We saw the silent 'e' in the Magic 'e' Silent 'e' lesson. W hen we add ‘e’ to the end of a word it changes the pronunciation of the word, but remains silent. We also have silent ‘e’ in : Wedn e sday, "Wens day", veg e table "veg tabl" bridg e , cloth e s, fam e , lon e ly G - ali g n, champa g ne, diaphra g m, hi g h, rei g n, forei g n… - igh - ali g ht, right, light, eight, weight - ugh - thou g h, through, thought, drought H - h our, honour /honor , honest, heir choir, exhaust, exhibition, ghost, rhyme, rhythm thyme, Thames, Gandhi, Birmingham I - business J (none) K - blac k guard, knead, knell, knicke rs, knife, knight, knock, knot, know , Knox, Knowles… L - calf, calm, chalk, folk, half, psalm, salmon, talk, yolk , Norfolk… M - m nemonic N - autumn, column, condemn, damn, hymn, solemn O – col o nel , people P - corps, coup, pneumonia, pseudo, ps ychology, receipt , Thompson Q (none)
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    www.howtospell.co.uk ??   ??   ??   ??   123 ??   R - butter, finger, garden, here, myrrh myrrh (in British English all r's are 'silent' before consonants as in card or before silence as in car) S - aisle, bourgeois, debris , fracas, island, isle, viscount , Illinois … T - asthma, ballet, castle, gourmet, listen, rapport, ricochet, soften, thistle , Christmas , tsunami… U - catalogue, colleague, dialogue, guess, guest, guide, guilt, guitar, tongue V (none) W - answer, sword, two, whole, whore, wrist, writ, write, Greenw ich, Norwich X - faux faux pas, Sioux Y (none) Z - laissez - faire, rendezvous , chez
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    Đã được chỉnh sửa lần cuối bởi emyeuvn : 07-03-2019 lúc 02:09 PM.

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